Pixel Response Effects on CCD Camera Gain Calibration
The gain of a CCD camera is the conversion between the number of electrons ("e-") recorded by the CCD and the number of digital units ("counts") contained in the CCD image. It is useful to know this conversion for evaluating the performance of the CCD camera. Since quantities in the CCD image can only be measured in units of counts, knowing the gain permits the calculation of quantities such as readout noise and full well capacity in the fundamental units of electrons. The gain value is required by some types of image deconvolution such as Maximum Entropy since, in order to correctly handle the statistical part of the calculation, the processing needs to convert the image into units of electrons. Calibrating the gain is also useful for detecting electronic problems in a CCD camera, including gain change at high or low signal level, and the existence of unexpected noise sources.